Every anthropogenic activity has some impact on the environment. More often it is harmful to the environment than benign. However mankind as it is developed today cannot live without taking up these activities for his food, security and other needs. Consequently, there is a need to harmonies developments activities with be environmental concerns. Environmental impact assessment (EIA) is one of the tools available with the planners to achieve the above-mentioned goal.
It is desirable to ensure that the development options under consideration are sustainable. In doing so, environmental consequences must be characterized early in the project cycle and accounted for in the project design.
The objective of EIA is to foresee the potential environmental problems that would arise out of a proposed development and address them in the project’s planning and design stage. The EIA process should then allow for the communication of this information to:
- the project proponent;
- the regulatory agencies; and,
- all stakeholders and interest groups.
EIA integrates the environment concerns in the developmental activities right at the time of initiating for preparing the feasibility report. In doing so it can enable the integration of environmental concerns and mitigation measures in project development. EIA can often prevent future liabilities or expensive alterations in project design.
All new projects or activities listed in the Schedule to this notification;
Expansion and modernization of existing projects or activities listed in the Schedule to this notification with addition of capacity beyond the limits specified for the concerned sector, that is, projects or activities which cross the threshold limits given in the Schedule, after expansion or modernization;
Any change in product – mix in an existing manufacturing unit included in Schedule beyond the specified range.
State Level Environment Impact Assessment Authority:- A State Level Environment Impact Assessment Authority (SEIAA) shall be constituted by the Central Government under sub-section (3) of section 3 of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 comprising of three Members including a Chairman and a Member – Secretary to be nominated by the State Government or the Union territory Administration concerned.
The Member-Secretary shall be a serving officer of the concerned State Government or Union territory administration familiar with environmental laws.
The Chairman shall be an expert in terms of the eligibility criteria given in APPENDIX VI to the notification S.O. 1533 (E), dated 14th September 2006 in one of the specified fields, with sufficient experience in environmental policy or management.
The other member shall be an expert fulfilling the eligibility criteria given in APPENDIX VI to the notification S.O. 1533 (E), dated 14th September 2006 in one of the specified fields.
The State Government or Union territory Administration shall forward the names of the Members and the Chairman referred in sub- paragraph 3 to 4 above to the Central Government and the Central Government shall constitute the State Level Environment Impact Assessment Authority as an authority for the purposes of this notification within thirty days of the date of receipt of the names.
The non-official Member and the Chairman shall have a fixed term of three years (from the date of the publication of the notification by the Central Government constituting the authority).
All decisions of the SEIAA shall be taken in a meeting and shall ordinarily be unanimous.
Provided that, in case a decision is taken by majority, the details of views, for and against it, shall be clearly recorded in the minutes and a copy thereof sent to MoEF.
The composition of the EAC shall be as given in Appendix VI of the notification S.O. 1533(E), dated 14th September 2006. The SEAC at the State or the Union territory level shall be constituted by the Central Government in consultation with the concerned State Government or the Union territory Administration with identical composition;
The Central Government may, with the prior concurrence of the concerned State Governments or the Union territory Administrations, constitutes one SEAC for more than one State or Union territory for reasons of administrative convenience and cost;
The EAC and SEAC shall be reconstituted after every three years;
The authorized members of the EAC and SEAC, concerned, may inspect any site(s) connected with the project or activity in respect of which the prior environmental clearance is sought, for the purposes of screening or scoping or appraisal, with prior notice of at least seven days to the applicant, who shall provide necessary facilities for the inspection;
The EAC and SEACs shall function on the principle of collective responsibility. The Chairperson shall endeavour to reach a consensus in each case, and if consensus cannot be reached, the view of the majority shall prevail.
Shall I have to deposit/pay any fee for application forms to the State Level Environment Impact Assessment Authority (SEIAA), Uttarakhand or Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India?
Shall I have to deposit/pay any fee for obtaining prior environmental clearance to the State Level Environment Impact Assessment Authority (SEIAA), Uttarakhand or Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India?
(ii) All projects or activities included as Category ‘A’ in the Schedule, including expansion and modernization of existing projects or activities and change in product mix, shall require prior environmental clearance from the Central Government in the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) on the recommendations of an Expert Appraisal Committee (EAC) to be constituted by the Central Government for the purposes of this notification.
All projects or activities included as Category ‘B’ in the Schedule, including expansion and modernization of existing projects or activities as specified in sub paragraph (ii) of paragraph 2, or change in product mix as specified in sub paragraph (iii) of paragraph 2, but excluding those which fulfill the General Conditions (GC) stipulated in the Schedule, will require prior environmental clearance from the State/Union territory Environment Impact Assessment Authority (SEIAA). The SEIAA shall base its decision on the recommendations of a State or Union territory level Expert Appraisal Committee (SEAC) as to be constituted for in this notification. In the absence of a duly constituted SEIAA or SEAC, a Category ‘B’ project shall be treated as a Category ‘A’ project.
Where the Secretariat of State Level Environment Impact Assessment Authority (SEIAA) and State Level Expert Appraisal Committee (SEAC) for Uttarakhand State is located?
Motharowala Road (Near Panjab National Bank)
Dehradun – 248 001
Ph: 0135-267 8576